Audio File Specification

About AAC, MP3, WMA and WAV

The playable AAC/MP3/WMA/WAV file (hereafter called Audio file) and the media format has the following limitation. The Audio file, which is not conforming to the specification, may not play normally, or the file and folder names may not display correctly.

Playable Audio file

MP3 Extension .mp3
Format MPEG 1/2 Audio Layer 3 file
Transfer bit rate 80-320 kbps / Variable Bit Rate
Sampling frequency Disc media 8/ 11.025/ 12/ 16/ 22.05/ 24/ 32/ 44.1/ 48 kHz
USB device 16/ 22.05/ 24/ 32/ 44.1/ 48 kHz
Joint STEREO
ID3 Tag (Ver.1) Ver1.0/ 1.1 (Title/ Artist/ Album)
ID3 Tag (Ver.2) Ver2.2/ 2.3/ 2.4 (Title/ Artist/ Album)
WMA Extension .wma
Format The file in accordance with Windows Media Audio
(Except for the file for Windows Media Player 9 or after which applies the new functions)
Transfer bit rate 48-192 kbps / Variable Bit Rate
Sampling frequency 32/ 44.1/ 48 kHz
DRM file
Professional
Lossless
Voice
WMA Tag (Content Description) (Title/ Artist)
WMA Tag (Extended Content Description) (WM/Album Title)
AAC-LC Extension Disc media .m4a
USB device .m4a, .aac
Format ".m4a" file encoded by AAC-LC format.
Transfer bit rate 16-320 kbps
Sampling frequency 16/ 22.05/ 24/ 32/ 44.1/ 48 kHz
DRM file
2 channel
Multi channel
ID3 Tag (Ver.2)
iTunes m4a Meta-data (Song Info.) (Title/ Artist/ Album)
WAV
(USB device)
Extension .wav
Format RIFF waveform Audio Format (only for LinearPCM)
Sampling frequency 32/ 44.1/ 48 kHz
Bit count 8/ 16 bit
Channel Stereo/Monaural

Do not attach the extensions to files other than the Audio file. If the extension is attached, the file, which is not the Audio file, will play and outputs a loud noise, causing damage to the speaker.

The files with copy protection cannot be played.

Audio files cannot be played depending on the encoding software setting, USB device type, and/or recording conditions.

The unit may not be compatible with upgrade of compression format standard and additional specifications.

There are times when play time is not displayed correctly depending on the Audio file recording conditions.

Sound of WAVE file may be interrupted depending on the performance of the recording media.

Playable storage media file system

Disc media
(DVD±R/RW
CD-R/RW)
File system (Windows) ISO 9660 Level 1/2
ISO 9660 Level 3
Romeo
Joliet
Long File Name
File system (Macintosh)
File system (UNIX)
Multi-Session *1
USB device File system (Windows) *2 FAT16
FAT32
File system (Macintosh)
File system (UNIX)

CD-RW discs which are quick formatted by the writing software cannot be used.

When recording to the maximum CD-R/RW media capacity at once, the writing software is set to "Disc at once".

Joliet is recommended for file system of CD-R/RW. With other file systems, the display may not be shown correctly depending on the operating conditions.

*1 For CD-DA/ audio file mixed disc, the unit plays only the playback system recorded at the first setout.

*2 Multi Partition : Not compatible (Some USB devices may have multiple partitions that will be invisible on Windows OS.)

When the CD-R/RW recorded by CD-ROM MODE 2 (XA) format cannot be played, please record again by using CD-ROM MODE 1 writing format.

Limitation of structure for the file and the folder

Disc media
(DVD±R/RW
CD-R/RW)
Maximum number of directory levels 8
Maximum number of folders 254
Maximum number of files per folder 255
Maximum number of files (per device) 64770
USB device Maximum number of folder layers 8
Maximum number of folders (per device) 255
Maximum number of files (per folder) 255
Maximum number of files (per device) 65025
Maximum number of files per playlist 7000

It may take time to start playing depending on the recording conditions such as file hierarchy and folder structure.

This includes the Root folder (the folder in the top level). The number of folders shown on your PC is less than it by 1.

The maximum number of characters for display

File/Folder name 128 characters
MP3 ID3 Tag Ver. 1.x 30 characters
Ver. 2.x Disc media 64 characters
USB device 128 characters
WMA Contents property Disc media 64 characters
USB device 128 characters
AAC song information Disc media 64 characters
USB device 128 characters

Number of characters is based on byte unit.

File/Folder name is the number of the characters including the extensions.

This unit can display the following versions of MP3 ID3 tag: version 1.0/ 1.1/ 2.2/ 2.3/ 2.4.

AAC ID3 Tag cannot be displayed.

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Video File Specification

Acceptable media

Media Disc media USB device
MPEG-1
MPEG-2
DivX
H.264/ MPEG4 AVC
WMV

Acceptable video files

MPEG-1 Extension Disc media .mpg, .mpeg
USB device .mpg, .mpeg, .m1v
Format MPEG-1
Picture size 352 × 240, 352 × 288
Video bit rate Max. 1.5 Mbps
Audio format MPEG Audio Layer 2
Audio sampling frequencies 32/ 44.1/ 48 kHz
Audio bit rate Disc media 32–384 kbps (Only constant bit rates)
USB device 80–384 kbps (Only constant bit rates)
MPEG-2 Extension Disc media .mpg, .mpeg
USB device .mpg, .mpeg, .m2v
Format MPEG-2
Profile & Level MP@ML (Main Profile at Main Level)
Picture size 720 × 480, 720 × 576
Video bit rate Disc media Max. 10.0 Mbps
USB device Max. 2.0 Mbps
Audio format MPEG Audio Layer 2
Audio sampling frequencies 32/ 44.1/ 48 kHz
Audio bit rate Disc media 32–384 kbps (Only constant bit rates)
USB device 80–384 kbps (Only constant bit rates)
DivX Extension .divx, .div, .avi
Format DivX
Picture size 352 x 240, 352 x 288, 720 x 480, 720 x 576
Video bit rate Max. 8.0 Mbps
Audio format MP3, Dolby Digital
Audio sampling frequencies 32/ 44.1/ 48 kHz
Audio bit rate 32–384 kbps (Only constant bit rates)
H.264/ MPEG4 AVC Extension .mp4, .m4v
Format H.264/ MPEG4 AVC
Picture size 352 x 240, 352 x 288, 720 x 480, 720 x 576
Video bit rate Max. 8.0 Mbps
Audio format AAC
Audio sampling frequencies 32/ 44.1/ 48 kHz
Audio bit rate 80–384 kbps (Only constant bit rates)
WMV Extension .wmv
Format Windows Media Video 9
Picture size 640 x 480
Video bit rate Max. 2.0 Mbps *1
Audio format WMA
Audio sampling frequencies 32/ 44.1/ 48 kHz
Audio bit rate 80–384 kbps (Only constant bit rates)

*1 Pictures and sounds may be interrupted in some conditions.

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Picture File Specification

Acceptable media

Media Disc media USB device
Picture file

Acceptable picture files

Extension .jpg, .jpeg
Format JPEG
Baseline format Up to a maximum of 8192(W) × 7680(H) pixels
Progressive format Up to a maximum of 1600(W) × 1000(H) pixels
File size Max. 512 K bytes

Enlarges and reduces images up to the size shown above to fit to the screen.

The picture files with information attached (such as Exif) may not be displayed or operated (e.g.: rotation display) properly.

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About USB device

Notes on Use of the USB device

This unit can play audio files stored in the flash memory and digital audio player that have a USB port (these devices are referred to as USB devices in this document).
The following restrictions are placed on the types and usage of available USB devices:

Available USB Devices

USB standard USB 1.1/ USB 2.0
USB class Mass storage class (MSC device)
USB subclass SCSI
Protocol Bulk Only
Current supply Max. 1 A

USB Mass Storage Class:
USB devices that the PC can recognize as an external storage without using any special driver or application software.

Contact the sales agent as to whether your USB device conforms to the USB mass storage class specs.

Using an unsupported USB device can result in abnormal playback or display of the audio file.
Even if you use the USB device conforming to the above specs, audio files cannot be played normally depending on the type or condition of the USB device.

Some of the functions is are limited with a certain USB device.

Normal operation and power supply is not guaranteed against every USB devices.

About the Connection of the USB device

When connecting the USB device, usage of the CA-U1EX (500 mA Max: option) is recommended.

Normal playback is not guaranteed when a cable other than the USB compatible cable is used. Connecting a cable whose total length is longer than 5 m can result in abnormal playback.

You cannot connect a USB device via a USB hub.

Install the USB device in the place where it will not prevent you from driving your vehicle properly.

Do not leave the USB device in the vehicle for a long time. It can deform or damage due to direct sunlight, high temperature, etc.

Take backups of the audio files used with this unit. The files can be erased depending on the operating conditions of the USB device.
We shall have no compensation for any damage arising out of erasure of the stored data.

Leave the cap on when not using an USB device.

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  • DNX9980HD
  • Audio File Specification
  • About AAC, MP3, WMA and WAV
  • Playable Audio file
  • Playable storage media file system
  • Limitation of structure for the file and the folder
  • The maximum number of characters for display
  • Video File Specification
  • Acceptable media
  • Acceptable video files
  • Picture File Specification
  • Acceptable media
  • Acceptable picture files
  • About USB device
  • Notes on Use of the USB device
  • Available USB Devices
  • About the Connection of the USB device